Affective learning deals with how learning relates to students individual interests, attitudes, emotions, and motivations. Affect plays an important role in memory retrieval, creativity, decision-making, and many other cognitive functions.
Cooperative learning makes use of learning activities that are designed to provide academic and social experiences. Students work together to complete tasks related to learning objectives. Instructors take on the role of a facilitator rather than lecturer.
Differentiated instruction considers learners’ individual abilities and levels of readiness first before designing learning activities. Differentiating instruction may involve the use of a variety of teaching strategies to deliver the same material, or the material itself may vary based on individual learner characteristics.
Flipped classroom is a type of blending learning where students learn asynchronously outside of the classroom before attending class (virtual or in-person). Work done before class may include viewing online lectures, reading, or conducting research. Class time is then used for problem-solving, discussion, and active learning activities.
Metacognition relates to the awareness and understanding of one's own thought process. Simply put, metacognition is thinking about thinking. As a teaching strategy, metacognition can be used to improve learners' understanding of material, identify areas of weakness in their own understanding, and improve problem-solving skills.
Personalized learning allows students to choose how they will learn based on their own learning preferences, pace of learning, and personal interests. Personalized learning is similar to differentiated instruction, however, the focus of personalized learning is on student choice while differentiated instruction focuses on the instructor's design and delivery of material.
Reflective learning is a teaching strategy and component of metacognition in which students reflect on their own individual learning with the goal of clarifying what they have learned and making meaning out of the material.
Socio-emotional Learning (SEL)
Socio-emotional learning involves the integration of social and emotional skills into the curriculum. There are five components to socio-emotional learning:
3. Social awareness
4. Relationship skills
5. Responsible decision-making